Skin problems are common among athletes than in general population. It is estimated that 40% of athletes develops skin conditions sometimes in their life. These skin conditions include mechanical injuries and other conditions inherited by environment and infection.
Mechanical trauma together with moistures and heat are thought to be contributing factors for such skin problems.Below are the lists of Skin conditions associated with sports:
- Bikini bottom: This is bacterial folliculitis usually seen on buttocks of swimmers.
- Jazz ballet bottom: Abscesses in the natal cleft region of the buttocks
- Jogger’s nipples: Pain, swelling, soreness and inflammation of the nipple due to repetitive rubbing against the cloth when running.
- Karate cicatrices: Linear scars on the dorsal aspects of both hands due to the trauma during karate practice.
- Mogul skier’s palm: Painful soft tissue injury of the palm due to vigorous repetitive planting of ski poles.
- Painful piezogenic pedal papules: Painful papules of the feet and wrists that result from transdermal herniation of fat
- Ping-pong patches: traumatic patches due to contact with a table tennis
- Pool palms: Shiny, smooth and tender palm due to rough pool surfaces.
- Pulling-boat hands: Itchy, painful papules or macules due to friction and damp cold
- Rower’s rump: Lichen simplex chronicus due to rowing while sitting on unpadded seat
- Runner’s nail: Multiple Beau’s lines or periodic shedding of the nail
- Runner’s rump: Ecchymoses of the superior gluteal cleft in long distance runner due to repetitive friction
- Stingray hickey: Due to stingray’s tail, after the resting stingray is stepped on
- Stretcher’s scrotum: Scrotal pain, swelling and hematoma may be due to stretching exercises of the lower back
- Swimmer’s shine: Facial oiliness usually seen in swimmers
- Swimmer’s shoulder: Abrasion of the shoulder by the beard during crawl stroke
- Talon noir: Also called as black heel are due to interdermal hemorrhage.
- Tennis toe: Subungual hematoma with or without subungual hyperkeratosis or nail dystrophy
- Turf toe: Sprain of metatarsophalangeal joint
1. Fitzpatrick dermatology in general medicine