Salmon patch is one of the most common birthmarks seen on babies. These birthmarks are caused by capillary vascular malformation, where small blood vessels (capillaries) get stretched (dilated). Salmon patch is thought to occur in about 40% of all newborns. It is called as angel‘s kiss when it occurs on forehead and called stroke bite when it occurs on back of the neck. Medically termed as nevus simplex, salmon patch is often temporary and no treatment is needed.
Signs and Symptoms of Salmon Patch
Salmon patch are usually small flat pink or red skin with unclear border commonly seen on the forehead, between eyebrows, eyelids, nose, upper lip and back of the neck. They may be seen during birth or during the first months of life. They can be very noticeable when the child is crying or during temperature change. When you push the lesion, it may fade. Most lesions will spontaneously disappear within the first year of life. However, few may persists into adult life, which may cause major cosmetic problem.
How is salmon patch diagnosed?
Your doctor can diagnose salmon patch simply by direct examination of the lesion. No any other tests are needed.
How is salmon patch treated?
Usually no treatment is needed, as the lesion fades within first year of life. However, if there is darkening of the area, cracking, bleeding or any other problems, contact your doctor immediately. In most cases there is nothing to worry and it fades over time. If the patch is on the glabella (between eyebrows) or back of the neck then it might take several years to fade. If salmon patch lasts longer or persists into adulthood, it can be effectively treated with laser therapy.